## Louis Nielsen## Physical Consequences of Decreasing Gravity
Second part of a tretise by Louis Nielsen with new
theory for the evolution of the universe with decreasing
gravity.
## 14. Physical Consequences of Decreasing GravityAs there is an attracting force of gravity among all particles of the universe, a decreasing gravity will mean an increasing distance between them. The consequence is that everything expands!A constantly decreasing gravity in our universe results in more physical consequences which are more or less easy to observe. In the following we shall analyze some of the conditions in the universe being dependent on the magnitude of gravity. If we go back to a younger and younger universe, we go to epochs with higher and higher gravity. But how can we get knowledge of events which took place billion of years ago? This we do by observing objects in the sky, farther and farther away. The informations we get primarily by the light emitted by the objects, and as this light travels with a final velocity, we 'see' the condition of the object at the time when the light was emitted. Some of the objects presumed to be situated at the greatest distances, and thus providing the oldest information, are the so-called quasars. These objects radiate extremely high amounts of energy from a relatively small geometric area. This is an actual enigma for the astronomers and physicists. An universal decreasing gravity may give the explanation. A geophysical effect of a decreasing gravity is that the globe is 'inflated', viz. its radius is increasing with time. This partly causes the surface to crack, and this may explain the so-called continental or tectonic drift, the phenomenon that the continents are moving away from each other. Partly it causes the diameter to grow, causing the rotation to go slower and slower, and causing the length of the day to increase. Earlier in the history of the Earth it moved faster. By studying the continental drift and fossils, proof of decreasing gravity can be established. The fossils show that certain corals grow a layer of chalk every day, and observations have shown that corals millions of years old have thinner and more layers of chalk than corals from our epoch.
Regarding planetary physics, a decreasing gravity will cause
that the moon moves away from the earth and that all distances
in our solar system increase.
## 15. Everything Expands due to Decreasing GravityIn the following we shall deduct a formula connecting the spacial expansion of a gravitating system and the relative decrease of the gravitational 'constant'. We can call it the general expansion formula.Let us consider a particle with the gravitational mass m _{1}, moving
in a circular orbit - which shall expand - around another gravitating
particle with the mass m_{2}. The movement of m_{1} is given by
Newton's 2nd law and the gravitation law, with a gravitational
'constant', having a value at the time of consideration. We get:
(15.1)
where v is the velocity of m (15.2) This we can reduce to: (15.3) We are handling a central force and there is preservation of angular moment, thus: (15.4) From equation (15.4) we get: (15.5) Inserting in (15.3) we get for the relative increase of r: (15.6) The Expansion Formula For the relative variation of the velocity we get:(15.7)
Equation (15.6) shows the radial velocity, whereby two gravitating masses,
spaced by the distance r, will move away from
each other. The relation is a theoretical deduction of the
cosmological Hubble relation! (15.8) and that this value is nearly constant in our epoch. For the increase of the radius of the Earth we get (r = 6400 km): (15.9)
If we use equation (15.6) on the Earth - Moon system, we calculate
a timely increase in distance (r = 384.4 · 10 (15.10) Laser measurements have shown that the distance to the Moon has increased by about 5 cm/year. The result in (15.10) only gives the amount due to decreasing gravity. The rest is due to other gravitational effects, a.o. the tide forces.
Paleomagnetic analyses *) have estimated an upper limit of
0.13 mm/year for the increase in the Earth's radius, in good
agreement with the figure in equation (15.9). The value in (15.9)
is dependent on the precision of the measurement of
## 16. The Expansion of the Earth and the Increase of the Day
Eventually, when gravity decreases, the Earth - and all other
globes - will 'inflate', with the result that the mass is
distributed farther and farther from the rotation axis. This
causes the rotation velocity to decrease. A lower rotation
speed is equal to a longer day. The Earth is slowly braked.
Technically speaking, the inertial moment of the Earth increases gradually
as the radius increases. |